Blog Template Theology of the Body: Graces

Wednesday, October 11, 2006


... Roman Catholics have it in the plural:

"Grace given to make the receiver holy is sanctifying grace.

Grace given to one person for the benefit and holiness of others is gratuitous grace (as miracles or prophecy)

Grace which directly moves the mind or will to act is operating grace.

Grace which disposes the mind and will to recieve and use operating grace is cooperating grace.

Grace which preceeds an operation or state of the soul is prevenient grace.

Grace which follows a prior effect of grace is subsequent grace.

Grace has five effects: it heals the soul; it awakens the desire for good; it helps carry the desire for good to the actual achievment of good; it gives preserverence; it conditions the soul to glory.

- St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, I-II.111.1-4